Saturday, February 17, 2018

A Buy To Be Mathematical...


What was needed to buy?

Let's recollect the data where cost of each kind of wine bottle is listed.

- The cost of 1 French wine bottle: 500$
- The cost of 1 German wine bottle: 100$
- The cost of 20 Dutch wine bottles: 100$ (Cost of 1 bottle = 5$)

 

Now let F be the number of French bottle, G be the number of German bottles and D be the number of Dutch bottle that Simpson should buy.

F + G + D = 100

G = 100 - F - D   .....(1)

Total cost of all bottle must be $10000.

500F + 100G + 5D = 10000

Substituting (1) in above,

500F + 100(100 - F - D) + 5D = 10000

500F + 10000 - 100F - 100D + 5D = 10000

400F - 95D = 0

400F = 95D 
 
80F = 19D

D/F = 80/19

Possible values of D and F are 80 and 19 respectively.

From (1),

G = 100 - 19 - 80 =  1.

Let's verify if all these fits in his budget or not.  

19 French wine bottles would cost 19 x 500 = 9500, 1 German wine would cost = 1 x 100 = 100 and 80 Dutch wine bottles would cost 80 x 5 = 400. Remember we have got number of Dutch bottles in multiple of 20. Hence total cost = 9500 + 100 + 400 = 10000.

Hence with $10000, Simpson should buy 19 French, 1 German and 80 Dutch wine bottles if conditions of buying 100 bottles & Dutch bottles in multiple of 20 are applied.   

A mathematical challenge accepted

 

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