Tuesday, March 27, 2018

That's Why Smith Is An Engineer!

Would you like to read question first? 

Let's list all the clues once again here.

(1) Mr. Robinson is a passenger. He lives in Detroit.
(2) The brakeman lives exactly halfway between Chicago and Detroit.
(3) Mr. Jones is a passenger. He earns exactly $20,000 per year.
(4) The brakeman’s nearest neighbor, one of the passengers, earns exactly three times as much as the brakeman.
(5) Smith is not a passenger. He beats the fireman in billiards.
(6) The passenger whose name is the same as the brakeman’s lives in Chicago.

Since as per (2), the brakeman lives exactly halfway between Chicago and Detroit, locations Chicago or Detroit can't be nearest to him. Hence, the passenger that (4) is suggesting must be nearer to brakeman than Chicago and Detroit.

Now as per (1), Mr. Robinson lives in Detroit, means he is not the nearest to brakeman. Mr.Jones earning is $20,000/year as per (3), which is not evenly divisible by 3. Hence, the passenger (4) is pointing is not Mr.Jones.

So neither Mr. Robinson not Mr.Jones but Mr.Smith is the nearest neighbor. 

Now Mr. Robinson lives in Detroit and Mr.Smith is living in between Chicago and Detroit but nearer to brakeman. Hence, Mr. Jones must be living in Chicago.

According to (6), Jones must be name of the brakeman as he is sharing his name with the man living in Chicago.

And if Smith is not fireman as per (5), he must be an engineer!   

Logical Deduction of why Smith is an engineer - Logical Puzzle

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